A history of the western roman empire

The Romans, assisted by the Franks, had also managed to beat back the attacks on Ravenna. Even with their excellent road system, they could not communicate quickly and effectively to manage the huge territory. InCharlemagne visited Rome and was granted the title of patrician, as well as a forced recognition from the Western Roman Empire.

The Western Roman Empire also suffered because there was not a very clear line of royal accession. The army had met with them many times since the time of Julius Caesar. Romulus, the last of the Roman emperors in the west, was overthrown by the Germanic leader Odoacer, who became the first Barbarian to rule in Rome.

The military campaigns usually provided slaves, but when the expansion stopped, the supply of slaves began to dry out, leading to a labor deficit. The Huns, who had been employed as Roman allies by Aetius, were now united as never before under their ambitious king Attila.

In brutalizing the Goths, the Romans created a dangerous enemy within their own borders. The first Roman literature appeared around B.

Since only a century earlier the realm of ancient Rome had shrunk to very little. His son, Constantine the Greatwas declared Western Emperor by the British legions, [27] [28] [29] [30] but several other claimants arose and attempted to seize the Western Empire.

Unwilling to simply wipe out the Romans because of his respect for the Pope, Charlemagne chose to leave them alone. The Western Roman Empire was decaying under a series of nominal and weak emperors, while Bohemia expanded. There was less emptiness and less decay, and Venice was a vibrant city, the real seat of imperial power, while Ravenna was one in name only.

There were still Germanic feudal rulers which upheld many Roman laws and traditions. When Theodosius died, inRome split into Eastern and Western empires. A total of 22 emperors took the throne, many of them meeting violent ends at the hands of the same soldiers who had propelled them to power.

Being the Roman emperor had always been a particularly dangerous job, but during the tumultuous second and third centuries it nearly became a death sentence. A previously jailed traitor, Stilicho, led the defense ably.

Stilicho tried to defend Italy and bring the invading Goths under control, but to do so he stripped the Rhine frontier of troops and the VandalsAlansand Suevi invaded Gaul in large numbers in Turning away from the original urban structures instituted as Roman tradition, Firmus decided that agriculture was a vital element in sustaining the empire and extended benefits to Germanic farmers.

No tribune of Rome ever had these powers, and there was no precedent within the Roman system for consolidating the powers of the tribune and the censor into a single position, nor was Augustus ever elected to the office of Censor.

Fall of the Western Roman Empire

At this site, browse through excerpts from Gibbon's celebrated book. Nero's rule was ended by a revolt of the Praetorian Guardwho had been bribed in the name of Galba. In the wake of this devastating defeat, Antony and Cleopatra committed suicide.

Ancient Rome

In the forces of the two halves of the Empire again clashed with great loss of life. In the commander Orestes replaced the western emperor Julius Nepos and placed his son Romulus Augustulus as emperor.

The western half of the empire had a large trade deficit with the eastern half. Internal factors The size of the Roman Empire made the governing difficult, but the ineffective leadership made the problem even bigger. Constantine enacted another change that helped accelerate the fall of the Roman Empire.

Both were still minors and neither was capable of ruling effectively. The western Empire spoke Latin and was Roman Catholic. Charlemagne sided with the Pope when he wrote to the Franks asking for assistance, and when the Lombards refused to comply, the Frankish forces invaded and laid siege to Pavia.

Desperate, the Papacy turned to the Franks for help. Whether censorial powers were granted to Augustus as part of his tribunician authority, or he simply assumed those, is a matter of debate. The age-old aristocracy of nobles were getting sidelined, but after centuries of weakening they were unable to oppose this and were more or less pushed to one side.

The city was his New Rome and was later named Constantinople the "city of Constantine". By Spain, Britain and most of Gaul had been lost to various Germanic peoples. Therefore, provincial governors had de facto autonomy in the name of the Roman Republic.

When Marcus fell ill and died near the battlefield at Vindobona Viennahe broke with the tradition of non-hereditary succession and named his year-old son Commodus as his successor.

The presence of barbarians along the northern border was nothing new. His troops showed no mercy, loyalist Italians rose up against their Gothic masters, and the ruler of the surrounding Ostrogoth dominions was trampled by his own warriors as they fled.

Upon his death of an illness inhis brothers fought over the throne.The Western Roman Empire was the western part of the Roman Empire which, later, became known as The Holy Roman Empire.

By CE the Roman Empire had grown so vast that it was no longer feasible to govern all the. There are possibly more explanations for the fall of the Roman Empire than for any other event in history: from the theory that links the widespread use of lead in utensils and glass with mental impairment (and hence incapacity for rule) to the sequoia tree theory, which purports to show through reduced ring growth in these ancient trees how the period /5(2).

The western Empire spoke Latin and was Roman Catholic. The eastern Empire spoke Greek and worshipped under the Eastern Orthodox branch of the Christian church. Over time, the east thrived, while the west declined.

Western Roman Empire falls Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacer, a German barbarian who proclaims himself king of Italy. ^ Since the Western Roman Empire was not a distinct state separate from the Eastern Roman Empire, there was no particular official term that designated the Western provinces or their government, which was simply known at the time as the "Roman Empire".

Romulus Augustus, the last emperor of the Western Roman Empire, is deposed by Odoacer, a German barbarian who proclaims himself king of Italy. Odoacer was a mercenary leader in the Roman imperial army when he.

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A history of the western roman empire
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